There are many different types of mortgage schemes available. Below is a summary of the main types and the advantages and disadvantages of each.
As highlighted some relate to the Bank of England interest rate and, if this rises or falls, it can have an impact on your mortgage repayments as our blog explains.
The interest rate is fixed for a period of time. After this initial period it reverts to the lender's Standard Variable Rate.
Ability to budget - you know what you will be paying each month for the initial period.
Fixed only for an initial period not the whole mortgage term. If interest rates fall you could end up paying more than necessary. An arrangement fee may apply and an early repayment charge may be applied if the loan is redeemed before a specified date.
With a Discounted Rate mortgage the mortgage interest rate is reduced by a specified amount for a set period.
When the lender's Standard Variable Rate falls so do your monthly payments and it can provide lower monthly mortgage payments at the start of the mortgage.
An arrangement fee may apply and an early repayment charge may be applied if the loan is redeemed before a specified date. Less easy to budget than with a fixed rate mortgage.
This is the normal rate charged by the lender without any discounts or special deals. It can be changed by the lender in line with market conditions. This is usually the interest rate that a lender will revert to once the initial deal has finished.
Often no early repayment charges.
Often higher rate than fixed / tracker / discounted mortgages.
The interest rate on your mortgage moves up and down with a particular base rate, such as the Bank of England base rate.
When the index (for example, the Bank of England base rate) falls, so will your monthly payments.
If the Bank of England rate goes up, so do your monthly payments. Often a minimum percentage is specified. An arrangement fee may apply and an early repayment charge may be applied if the loan is redeemed before a specified date. Less easy to budget for than with a fixed rate mortgage.
The interest rate follows the lender’s Standard Variable Rate (SVR) but there is a maximum interest rate you have to pay.